Present Of Verb To Be Affirmative Negative Interrogative I A M You



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Present of verb TO BE I Affirmative am I Negative am not Interrogative Am I? You are You are not Are you? He is He is not Is he? She is She is not Is she? It is It is not Is it? We are We are not Are we? You are You are not Are you? They are not Are they? They are Is not = isn't / Are not= aren't Present of verb TO HAVE I Affirmative have got I Negative have not got Interrogative Have I got? You have got You have not got Have you got? He has got He has not got Has he got? She has got She has not got Has she got? It has got It has not got Has it got? We have got We have not got Have we got? You have got You have not got Have you got? They have not got Have they got? They have got have not = haven't 's got= has got has not = hasn't ' ve got= have got 1 I Affirmative can I Present of verb CAN Negative cannot/can’t Interrogative Can I? You can You cannot/can’t Can you? He can He cannot/can’t Can he? She can She cannot/can’t Can she? It can It cannot/can’t Can it? We can We cannot/can’t Can we ? You can You cannot/can’t Can you? They cannot/can’t Can they? They can Pronombres Personales Sujeto I Adjetivos Posesivos Pronombres Posesivos My Pronombres Personales Complemento Me You Your You Yours He His Him His She Her Her Hers It Its It Its We Our Us Ours You Your You Yours They Their Them Theirs Mine E J E M P L O S • Here are our friends. Their names are Amanda and Tom. • She's very kind. Her favourite colour is yellow. • My teacher is Mr. Blake. He's tall. His favourite food is pizza. • Here's our school. It's in Park Street. Its name is Park Street School. • I go with Mary to the cinema. I go with her to • It's my book. It's mine. It’s for me. • They're her books. They're hers. • These books are ours and those books are yours. • Is that Nick and Jenny's dog? Yes, it's theirs. I’ve got a black car. My car is black. This black car is mine. • This book is for my brother. It is for him. the cinema. • This pencil is for them. It’s their pencil. 2 D E M O S T R AT I V O S Distancia   Singular Plural this these that those This shirt is red but that shirt is brown. This is my shirt but that shirt is yours. These shirts are very expensive but those shirts are cheaper. COMPARACIONES CON ADJETIVOS CON -ER, -EST fast nice new faster (than) nicer (than) newer (than) the fastest the nicest the newest hot big thin wet hotter (than) bigger (than) thinner (than) wetter (than) the hottest the biggest the thinnest the wettest dry easy heavy noisy happy drier (than) easier (than) heavier (than) noisier (than) happier (than) the driest the easiest the heaviest the noisiest the happiest IRREGULARES good bad much/many little interesting boring comfortable dangerous expensive beautiful useful popular better (than) worse (than) more (than) less (than the best the worst the most the least more interesting (than) more boring (than) more comfortable (than) more dangerous (than) more expensive (than) more beautiful (than) more useful (than) more popular (than) the most interesting the most boring the most comfortable the most dangerous the most expensive the most beautiful the most useful the most popular 3 PRESENTE DE INDICATIVO DE UN VERBO • Se añade " s " para la 3ra persona de singular: HE, SHE, IT. En caso de que termine en –S, –SS, –SH, –CH, –X, –0, –Z=> + ES. • Vocal+y +s: play / plays – buy / buys • Consonante+y i+es: study / studies – cry / cries – copy / copies AFFIRMATIVE I you we they he she it go come wash watch study play goes comes washes watches studies plays NEGATIVE I you we they he she it don’t doesn’t INTERROGATIVE go come wash watch study play go come wash watch study play Do Does I you we they go come wash watch study play go come wash watch study play he she it ? ? I go home He/She goes home. I wash my hands  He/She washes his/her hands. We watch TV at night He/She watches TV at night. Do we watch TV at night? Does he/she watch TV at night? What do we watch at night?  What does he/she watch at night? When do we watch TV?  When does he/she watch TV? PARTÍCULAS INTERROGATIVAS When= cuándo Where= dónde What= qué How=cómo Which=cuál How fast / tall / long Why= por qué Who=quién How much= cuánto/a How many=cuántos/as What time / What colour How often= con qué frecuencia CASO POSESIVO John has a brother. He is tall John’s brother is tall. This man has a dog. It’s the man’s dog. My father has a red car.  My father’s car is red. Mary has an expensive guitar. Mary’s guitar is expensive. Helen has a bicycle. It’s very fast. Helen’s bicycle is very fast. 4 FORMACIÓN DEL PLURAL EN INGLÉS +S -S, -SS, -SH, -CH, - X,-O, Z + ES car cars bus buses pencil pencils glass glasses book books dish dishes bed beds church churches pen pens box boxes ruler rulers tomato tomatoes -F / -FE  VES CAMBIO DE VOCAL wolf wolves child children leaf leaves woman women life lives man men knife knives foot feet half halves tooth teeth thief thieves mouse mice person people VOCAL + Y  +S CONSONANTE + Y  I +ES boy boys country countries way ways baby babies toy toys army armies key keys lorry lorries 5 PASADO DE UN VERBO INFINITIVO PASADO PARTICIPIO PASIVO Go Buy Come Get Wash Watch Study Play went bought came got washed watched studied played gone bought come got(ten) washed watched studied played • El pasado utiliza la misma forma para todas las personas. AFFIRMATIVE I you he she it we you they went came got bought washed watched studied played NEGATIVE I you he she it we you they Didn’t INTERROGATIVE go come get buy wash watch study play Did I you he she it we you they go come get buy wash watch study play ? I go home He/She goes home.=> I/he/she went home. I wash my hands  He/She washes his/her hands.=> I/he/she washed my/his/her hands. We watch TV at night We watched TV at night Do we watch TV at night? Did we watch TV at night? What do we watch at night?  What did he/she watch at night? When do we watch TV?  When did he/she watch TV? 6 ADJECTIVES TALL RIGHT WEAK LONG DRY EXPENSIVE POOR FAST EMPTY UGLY NICE SHORT WRONG STRONG SHORT WET CHEAP RICH SLOW FULL BEAUTIFUL NASTY BIG OLD THIN THICK CLEAN DARK HAPPY HOT LIGHT OLD POLITE SMALL NEW FAT THIN DIRTY LIGHT SAD COLD HEAVY YOUNG RUDE BIG ---- grande CLEAN ---- limpio FAST ---- rápido SMALL ---- pequeño DIRTY ---- sucio SLOW ---- lento RIGHT ---- correcto, bien HAPPY ---- feliz, contento UGLY ---- feo WRONG ---- mal, equivocado SAD ---- triste BEAUTIFUL ---- guapo WEAK ---- débil HOT ---- caliente RICH ---- rico STRONG ---- fuerte COLD ---- frío POOR ---- pobre DRY ---- seco EMPTY ---- vacío CHEAP ---- barato WET ---- húmedo FULL ---- lleno EXPENSIVE ---- caro NICE ---- agradable NASTY ---- desagradable POLITE ---- educado RUDE ---- maleducado ======================================================================= TALL ---- alto OLD ---- viejo FAT ---- gordo HEAVY ---- pesado SHORT ---- corto, bajo NEW ---- nuevo THICK ---- grueso LIGHT ---- ligero, claro LONG ---- largo YOUNG ---- joven THIN ---- fino, delgado DARK ---- oscuro IRREGULAR VERBS 1 be 2 beat 3 become 4 begin 5 bend 6 blow 7 break 8 bring 9 build 10 burn 11 buy 12 catch 13 choose 14 come 15 cost 16 cut 17 do 18 draw 19 dream 20 drink 21 drive 22 eat 23 fall 24 feed 25 feel 26 find 27 fight 28 fly 29 get 30 give 31 go 32 have 33 hide 34 hit 35 hold 36 hurt 37 keep 38 know 39 leave 40 lose 41 make 42 mean 43 meet 44 pay 45 put 46 read 47 ride 48 ring 49 run 50 say 51 sell 52 send 53 shine 54 show was / were beat became began bent blew broke brought built burnt bought caught chose came cost cut did drew dreamt drank drove ate fell fed felt found fought flew got gave went had hid hit held hurt kept knew left lost made meant met paid put read rode rang ran said sold sent shone showed been beaten become begun bent blown broken brought built burnt bought caught chosen come cost cut done drawn dreamt drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt found fought flown got(ten) given gone had hidden hit held hurt kept known left lost made meant met paid put read ridden rung run said sold sent shone shown ser, estar ganar,vencer llegar a ser empezar doblar soplar romper traer construir quemar comprar coger elegir venir costar cortar hacer dibujar soñar beber conducir comer caer alimentar sentirse encontrar luchar volar conseguir, obtener dar ir tener, haber esconder pegar, golpear sostener hacer daño guardar, mantener saber , conocer marcharse, salir perder hacer, fabricar significar, querer decir encontrar pagar poner leer montar en llamar correr decir vender enviar, mandar brillar enseñar 55 shut 56 sing 57 sit 58 smell 59 speak 60 spend 61 stand 62 swim 63 take 64 tell 65 think 66 throw 67 understand 68 wear 69 win 70 write shut sang sat smelt spoke spent stood swam took told thought threw understood wore won wrote shut sung sat smelt spoken spent stood swum taken told thought thrown understood worn won written cerrar cantar sentarse oler hablar pasar, gastar estar de pie nadar llevar, tomar contar, decir pensar, creer echar, tirar comprender llevar puesto ganar,vencer escribir IRREGULAR VERBS SOUND LIST GRUPO 1.INF. HIT PAST. HIT P.P. HIT PUT PUT PUT CUT CUT CUT SET SET SET LET LET LET COST COST COST HURT SHUT HURT SHUT HURT SHUT GRUPO 2.INF. SEND LEND SPEND BEND BUILD PAST. SENT LENT SPENT BENT BUILT P.P. SENT LENT SPENT BENT BUILT GRUPO 3.INF. G RO W PAST. GREW P.P. G RO W N BLOW BLEW BLOW N T HRO W THREW T HRO W N KNOW KNEW KNOW N DRAW FLY DREW FLEW DRAW N FLOW N GRUPO 4.INF. PAST. P.P. KEEP KEPT KEPT SLEEP SLEPT SLEPT SW EEP SW EPT SW EPT W EEP W EPT W EPT CREEP KNEEL CREPT KNELT CREPT KNELT FEEL FELT FELT LEAVE DREAM LEFT DREAMT LEFT DREAMT MEAN MEANT MEANT LOSE LOST LOST GRUPO 5.INF. PAST. P.P. MEET MET MET FEED FED FED LEAD LED LED READ READ READ SHOOT SHOT SHOT GRUPO 6.INF. PAST. P. P. SEEK SOUGHT SOUGHT BRING BUY BROUGHT BOUGHT BROUGHT BOUGHT THINK T HO UG HT T HO UG HT FIGHT F O UG HT F O UG HT TEACH TAUGHT TAUGHT CATCH CAUGHT CAUGHT GRUPO 7.INF. PAST. P.P. W IN W ON W ON DIG DUG DUG STICK STUCK STUCK STRIKE STRUCK STRUCK FIND F O UND F O UND W IND W O UND W O UND BIND BOUND BOUND GRIND G RO UND G RO UND GRUPO 8.- INF. BREAK PAST. BROKE P.P. BROKEN CHOOSE CHOSE CHOSEN SPEAK SPOKE SPOKEN STEAL STOLE STOLEN W AKE W OKE W OKEN FREEZE F RO Z E FROZEN GRUPO 9.INF. PAST. P.P. EAT ATE EATEN TAKE T OOK TAKEN SHAKE SHOOK SHAKEN GIVE GAVE GIVEN FALL FELL FALLEN SEE SAW SEEN FORGET F O RG O T FORGOTTEN TREAD T RO D TRODDEN GRUPO 1O.INF. BEGIN PAST. BEGAN P.P. BEGUN DRINK DRANK DRUNK SINK SANK SUNK RING RANG RUNG GRUPO 11.INF. PAST. P.P. BEAT BEAT BEATEN W RITE W RO T E W RITTEN SHOW SHOW ED SHOW N GRUPO 12.INF. W EAR PAST. W ORE P.P. W O RN TEAR T O RE T O RN SW EAR SW ORE SW ORN BEAR BORE BORNE GRUPO 13.INF. BITE PAST. BIT P.P. BITTEN HIDE HID HIDDEN RISE ROSE RISEN RIDE RO DE RIDDEN GRUPO 14.INF. STAND PAST. STOOD P.P. STOOD UNDERSTAND UNDERSTOOD UNDERSTOOD W ITHSTAND W ITHSTOOD W ITHSTOOD SING SANG SUNG SW IM SW AM SW UM VERBOS REGULARES FINAL ed: [t] [d] [id] /t/ /d/ /id/ Sonidos o letras (sordos) S, SH, CH, P, K, F. Sonidos o letras (sonoros): otras consonantes Terminados en letras o sonido T, D ask • asked • asked (t) box • boxed • boxed (t) dance • danced • danced (t) dress • dressed • dressed (t) finish • finished • finished (t) help • helped • helped (t) kiss • kissed • kissed (t) laugh • laughed • laughed (t) like • liked • liked (t) look • looked • looked (t) mix • mixed • mixed (t) push • pushed • pushed (t) stop • stopped • stopped (t) talk • talked• talked (t) walk • walked • walked (t) wash • washed • washed (t) watch • watched • watched (t) work • worked • worked (t) believe • believed • believed (d) judge • judged • judged (d) fill • filled • filled (d) enjoy • enjoyed • enjoyed (d) call • called • called (d) play • played • played (d) study • studied • studied (d) stay • stayed • stayed (d) rub • rubbed • rubbed (d) marry • married • married (d) dream • dreamed • dreamed (d) continue • continued • continued (d) love • loved • loved (d) reserve • reserved • reserved (d) listen • listened • listened (d) smile •smiled • smiled (d) phone • phoned• phoned (d) burn • burned • burned (d) investigate • investigated • investigated (id) point • pointed • pointed (id) date • dated • dated (id) part • parted • parted (id) wait • waited • waited (id) create • created • created (id) present • presented • presented (id) visit • visited • visited (id) dictate • dictated • dictated (id) start • started • started (id) rent • rented • rented (id) depend • depended • depended (id) end • ended • ended (id) decide • decided • decided (id) add • added • added (id) need • needed • needed (id) add • added • added (id) ask • asked • asked (t) believe • believed • believed (d) box • boxed • boxed (t) burn • burned • burned (d) call • called • called (d) continue • continued • continued (d) create • created • created (id) dance • danced • danced (t) date • dated • dated (id) decide • decided • decided (id) depend • depended • depended (id) dictate • dictated • dictated (id) dream • dreamed • dreamed (d) dress • dressed • dressed (t) end • ended • ended (id) enjoy • enjoyed • enjoyed (d) fill • filled • filled (d) finish • finished • finished (t) help • helped • helped (t) investigate • investigated • investigated (id) judge • judged • judged (d) kiss • kissed • kissed (t) laugh • laughed • laughed (t) like • liked • liked (t) listen • listened • listened (d) look • looked • looked (t) love • loved • loved (d) marry • married • married (d) need • needed • needed (id) part • parted • parted (id) phone • phoned• phoned (d) play • played • played (d) point • pointed • pointed (id) present • presented • presented (id) push • pushed • pushed (t) rent • rented • rented (id) reserve • reserved • reserved (d) rub • rubbed • rubbed (d) smile •smiled • smiled (d) start • started • started (id) stay • stayed • stayed (d) stop • stopped • stopped (t) study • studied • studied (d) talk • talked• talked (t) visit • visited • visited (id) wait • waited • waited (id) walk • walked • walked (t) wash • washed • washed (t) watch • watched • watched (t) work • worked • worked (t)